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Cesar Guarde

César Guarde-Paz holds a bachelor’s degree in Philosophy from the University of Barcelona (Spain) and a Ph.D. in Chinese Philosophy from the same institution, with a dissertation entitled “Virtue and Consequence in pre-Han and Han Historical and Philosophical Literature: Ethical Dilemmas in Chinese Thought” (in Spanish). He is a lecturer at the College of Foreign Languages, Nankai University (Tianjin). He was also awarded a government scholarship in 2012 to continue his studies at Sun Yat-sen University (Guangzhou), where he obtained two Diplomas with distinction in Advance Chinese Language. His academic and research interests include Early Confucianism, Late Qing and Early Republican Chinese Literature, Chinese Linguistics, Modern Politics and, of course, Classical Liberalism. He has also conducted extensive research on Western Philosophy -especially on the Prussian philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche- and medieval Chinese manuscripts. He is a member of the Spanish research group AGON, the Ukrainian Association of Sinologists, and the Association of Asian Studies, and has been also an editor board member of different academic journals, such as Estudios de Asia y África (peer-reviewed Journal of Asian and African Studies of the College of Mexico) and the Revista Internacional de Economía y Gestión de las Organizaciones of the Organization Studies Knowledge Community. He is also the recipient of a number of awards in Literature and Translation.

Guarde has articles on a broad range of topics, covering Western and Chinese philosophy, comparative literature, modern Chinese literature, linguistics, philology, religion and education, which have been published in leading academic journals such as The Journal of Chinese ReligionsBulletin of Chinese LinguisticsNietzsche StudienLovecraft AnnualRheinisches Museum für PhilologieMonumenta SericaPhilosophy East and West and Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy. He also publishes regularly in the Japanese academic journal Shinmatsu shôsetsu kara, where he writes under his Chinese name Guerde 古二德, and in the open-access journal Arqueohistoria directed by his colleague and friend Georgeos Díaz-Montexano, where he introduces Spanish readers to forgotten (usually libertarian) philosophers. He occasionally writes for the Spanish website AGON. Grupo de Estudios Filosóficos on politics and philosophy, and for, where he had a regular column on Chinese language and also published his short Chinese triad novel entitled A Hero Among Chaos (in Chinese). Recently, he has also appeared in a number of TV programs in Hong Kong from the political media Passion Times.

Most of these pieces can be found for free in the Academic Papers (and Varia) section of this website, either as a link to (registration is free and you gain access to an incredible amount of valuable scholarship), or to the websites where it has been published. Also, don’t forget to check out and follow the author on, so you can get updates of recent publications.

The author has also some stalled translation projects that could not move forward for different reasons, including non-libertarian titles such as Mark Steyn’s America Alone: The End of the World As We Know It and After America: Get Ready for Armageddon and Geert Wilders’ Marked for Death: Islam’s War Against the West and Me. Substantial parts of them have been translated already but never published, so if you are a publisher and have an interest on any of these books, do not hesitate and contact César Guarde now.


The Confucian Libertarian

The Confucian LibertarianThe epitome of freedom in ancient China was the figure of the youxia or knight-errant, a cavalier who embodied the Confucian (Ru in Chinese) ethos but also transcended it by emphasizing his own individuality.When I was conducting research on the Chinese translator Lin Shu (1852-1924) and the novelist Liu E (1857-1909), I came across the idea that Confucian ideals were not necessarily at odds with libertarian ideas. This is how the term “Confucian libertarian” (you-Ru) was born.

The Confucian Libertarian takes a libertarian look at the People’s Republic of China and its relations with Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Japan (and the world). It covers what I believe is an important “libertarian niche.” At least in Europe, libertarian writers who venture into Chinese studies are neither trained in the field of Chinese studies, nor familiar with Chinese language and culture. For this very reason, they believe that the “good” condition of Chinese economy is either a reflection of libertarian policies taking place behind the scenes, or an omen of libertarian things to come. The Confucian Libertarian offers a critical insight into China, its economy, politics, culture, and history, providing the reader with a radically different approach.

Do you believe that Hong Kong is a modern westernized city with little Chinese/Asian flavor? Did they tell you that China is the longest continuous civilization in the planet? How about Traditional Chinese Medicine? And how about “Asian Authoritarianism”? Did you know that these ideas (and many others) are just modern constructs created in post-1949 China and, more specifically, after the Tiananmen Massacre of June 4, 1989? Were you aware that Chinese education curricula still includes mandatory courses, workshops, and conferences on Communism and Maoist military theory, from cradle to university, no matter what your major is? And that if you don´t get good grades in them it will affect your job prospects?

If you really want to know what’s going on in China and how to answer to those who make claims about Chinese history, politics, or economy, you cannot miss The Confucian Libertarian.

Please note that, since we are just starting, our Twitter button redirects to our associated page AGON. Grupo de Estudios Filosóficos, where The Confucian Libertarian posts will be shared for the time being.